(CNN) -- Markets are trying to rebound Wednesday from a disastrous Christmas Eve.
The Dow was up 200 points by midday. The S&P 500 rose 1.1% and Nasdaq was up about 1.7%.
It's been a very rough month for investors.
S&P 500 is close to entering a bear market. If it closes just 7 points lower than it closed on Monday, it will end the longest bull market in history.
"Stocks have fallen too far out in front of the real economy," said Chris Rupkey, managing director of MUFG. "I suspect there may be less human being trades selling stocks here, than there are just mindless computer-driven trades following the latest trend."
The Nasdaq is already in a bear market. The Dow would need to close down more than 300 points for that index to be in a bear.
Thin trading and a lack of news often send stocks higher in the last week of December. But Washington has a different playbook this holiday break.
A partial government shutdown, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin's questions about banks' health and signals that President Donald Trump could fire Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell upset markets on Monday, sending the Dow down 653 points.
After markets tanked on Christmas Eve, Trump said Tuesday that he remains confident in Mnuchin, but he renewed his criticism of the Fed, accusing it of hiking rates too fast.
Those doubts come of top of worries about how sharply the US economy might lose steam next year.
"The markets are in panic mode that the US economy is tanking," Stephen Innes, head of Asia-Pacific trading for online broker Oanda, said in an email. "If the US economy turns south, global capital markets are in for a world of hurt."
The only certain thing about the market this month is uncertainty. The slightest bit of bad news can turn a rally into a rout. For example, stocks were up nearly 400 points on Friday but ended the day down more than 400 points.
Asian markets rattled
In Asian markets, Japan's Nikkei swung between gains and losses Wednesday before closing up nearly 1%. The shaky trading followed a 5% plunge on Christmas Day that dragged the Japanese index into a bear market. In China, the Shanghai Composite shed 0.3% on Wednesday.
Fears about slowing economic growth have been exacerbated by a series of unsettling moves from Washington in recent days.
The turmoil in Washington is making traders in other countries fret about the stewardship of the world's biggest economy.
"Japanese investors are absolutely shocked by the lack of the leadership team in Washington," Jesper Koll, head of Tokyo-based investment fund WisdomTree Japan, told CNN. "The reality is that the president no longer has a team of credible leaders to manage the American and the global economy."
Global investors already had a laundry list of worries, including China's slowing economy, the Trump administration's trade war with China and the unpredictability surrounding Brexit.
"There's a lot of uncertainty, and that's one of the biggest things that the market doesn't like," Andrew Sullivan, a Hong Kong-based market economist, told CNN.
Some of the world's biggest markets are yet to react to Wall Street's Christmas Eve sell-off. Stock exchanges in London, Frankfurt, Hong Kong and Australia remain closed and will have to digest the recent turmoil when they reopen Thursday.
- Stock market tries for a comeback
- Stock market rebounds: Dow rises 400 points
- Kaleb Barker making great comeback
- How the Stock Market Drop Can Affect You
- Stock market set for longest bull run in history
- Markets Right Now: Stocks sharply lower on Wall Street
- Stock market plunge impacts holiday cheer in Huntsville
- The comeback Chiefs are Super Bowl champions
- Stock market plummets, experts say it could change consumer habits in North Alabama
- Trump moves to ban bump stocks